Autographed Crew Photo
|My Photo From
TV Of John Young On The Moon
|Apollo 16 was the penultimate
manned mission to the Moon. The landing
site chosen for Apollo 16 was a region of lunar
highlands on the Moon called Descartes.
Chosen to be Commander of Apollo 16 was veteran
Astronaut John Watts Young. Young
had flown as the Pilot on Gemini 3, the
Commander on Gemini 10, and the Command Module
Pilot on Apollo 10.
Astronaut Thomas Kenneth (Ken) Mattingly, II was
chosen to be the Command Module Pilot.
Mattingly had been bumped from the Apollo 13
flight when he was exposed to the measles
shortly before that flight.
The Lunar Module pilot was selected to be
Charles Moss Duke, Jr. Duke was the person
who had exposed Mattingly to the measles.
Astronauts Mattingly and Duke were spaceflight
selected for the Command Module was
Casper. The Lunar Module was named Orion.
Apollo 16 was launched on April 16, 1972 at
12:54:00 Eastern Standard Time. At 1
second into the flight Lunar Module Pilot Duke
exclaimed, "Man we're on our
way!" At 22 seconds into the
flight Command Module Pilot Mattingly commented,
"It sure ain't what I expected."
Duke replied, "Me either. It's like
a freight train."
At 1 minute
and 29 seconds into the flight Commander Young
informed Duke, "We're coming up on
max q, Charlie." Max q is the
point in the flight where the vehicle is
subjected to the maximum aerodynamic
pressure. Duke responded, "Okay." Mattingly
reported, "Okay. Trajectory is
1 minute and 37 seconds, Young reported, "Two
and one half g's." Capsule Communicator
Gordon Fullerton informed the crew, "Okay; you're through max q and
everything looks good." Mattingly
replied, "It does indeed. I
believe this baby is going to go up."
At 2 minutes and 19 seconds, Young reported that
the inboard engine on the first stage had shut
down in preparation of staging. He
radioed, "... inboard, shutdown."
CAPCOM Fullerton acknowledged, "...
inboard. You are GO for staging."
Staging would be where the first
stage shutdown and separated from the vehicle
and the second stage took over.
At 2 minutes and 44 seconds, Mattingly
Duke added, "Whoo!"
Mattingly continued, "Look at that."
2 minutes and 47 seconds, Young reported, "Staging." Mattingly
continued to be impressed with the ride adding,
Young reported the ignition of the second stage
at 2 minutes and 47 seconds. He radioed, "Okay, ignition on the SII."
At 3 minutes and 21 seconds into the
flight Young reported, "Tower jettison." At that
point the Escape Tower separated from the
vehicle since it was no longer needed. The
Escape Tower took with it the Boost Protective
Cover. That uncovered the windows of the
Command Module so the crew could now see outside
At 4 minutes and 3 seconds CAPCOM Fullerton
informed the crew, "16,
Houston. 4 minutes. Everything
looks great down here." Young
replied, "Roger. Everything looks
good up here too." Duke added, "Hey Gordy, you ought to see that
horizon. Just gorgeous."
After one and one half orbits of the Earth to
check out the systems on the vehicle, the crew
was given the GO for Trans Lunar
Injection. The TLI burn was initiated at 2
hours, 33 minutes, and 37 seconds into the
With Apollo 16 now on its way towards the Moon,
the Command Service Module was separated from
the now spent third stage (SIV-B) of the Saturn
V. Command Module Pilot Mattingly moved
slowly away from the SIV-B and the performed a
maneuver known as transposition so that the
Command module was now facing the Lunar Module
that was nestled in the top of the S-IVB.
At 3 hours, 21 minutes, and 53 seconds into the
flight CMP Mattingly successfully docked Command
Module Casper with the Lunar Module Orion.
The Lunar Module was extracted from the SIV-B
and a separation maneuver was done to provide
some distance between the crewed vehicle and the
On April 19, 1972, after a 3 day coast
Apollo 16 arrived at the Moon. The Service
Propulsion System engine on the Service Module
was fired for Lunar Orbit Insertion. The
LOI burn was initiated at 3 days 2 hours, 28
minutes and 28 seconds into the flight.
Commander Young and Lunar Module Pilot Duke
entered the Lunar Module on April 20, 1972 in
preparation for landing. Lunar
Module Orion separated from the Command Service
Module at 4 days, 0 hours, 14 minutes and 0
The descent engine on Lunar Module Orion was
fired to lower Orion towards its landing site at
Descartes. At 4 days, 8 hours, 29 minutes,
and 35 seconds, Orion with Young and Duke landed
on the Moon. It was the fifth time that a
manned mission had landed on the Moon.
Three Extra Vehicular Activities were planned
for the Apollo 16 mission. The first EVA
was initiated at 4 days, 22 hours, 53 minutes,
and 38 seconds into the flight. The first
EVA lasted for 7 hours, 11 minutes, and 2
On April 22, 1972 at
5 days, 22 hours, 39 minutes, and 35 seconds,
the second EVA for Young and Duke began.
The duration for the second EVA was 7 hours, 23
minutes, and 9 seconds.
The third and final EVA was conducted on April
23, 1972. The EVA began at 6 days, 21
hours, 31 minutes, and 28 seconds. The
duration of the EVA was 5 hours, 40 minutes, and
Lunar liftoff of Orion's ascent stage occurred
on April 23, 1972 at 7 days, 3 hours, 31
minutes, and 48 seconds.
The Command Service Module Casper docked with
Orion's ascent stage at 7 days, 7 hours, 41
minutes, and 18 seconds into the flight.
After the Lunar Module crew and their cargo of
lunar samples were transferred to the Command
Module, the ascent stage of the Lunar Module was
jettisoned. Orion was destined to become
part of a seismic experiment when it crashed
into the lunar surface.
Propulsion System Engine was fired on April 24,
1972 for the Trans-Earth Injection
maneuver. This maneuver would send the
crew on their way back towards the Earth.
The TEI burn began at 8 days, 8 hours, 21
minutes, and 33 seconds.
At 9 days, 2 hours, 39 minutes and 41 seconds,
Ken Mattingly performed a deep space EVA to
retrieve film canisters from the instrument bay
of the Service Module. Lunar Module Pilot
assisted Mattingly from inside of the hatch of
the Command Module.
As the Command Service Module approached reentry
the Service Module was no longer needed.
At 11 days, 1 hour, 22 minutes, and 33 seconds,
the Service Module was jettisoned. Command
Module Orion came into contact with the Earth's
atmosphere at 11 days, 1 hour, 37 minutes, and
31 seconds. At that time the Command
Module was traveling at 24,724.5 miles per hour.
On April 27,
1972 at 11 days, 1 hour, 51, minutes and 5
seconds, Command Module Casper splashed down in
the Pacific Ocean. Splashdown was 3
nautical miles off from the targeted impact
point. The primary recovery ship for this
mission was the USS Ticonderoga.